Wamkelekile kwiwebhusayithi yethu.

Ulwazi

Ulwazi olusisiseko lwe-automotive wiring harness

Iintambo zokubopha iimoto

Intambo yokubopha iintambo zemoto (intambo yokubopha iintambo zemoto) iqonda uqhagamshelo olubonakalayo lobonelelo lwamandla kunye neendawo ezahlukeneyo zombane kwimoto.I-wiring harness isasazwa kulo lonke isithuthi.Ukuba i-injini ithelekiswa nentliziyo yemoto, ngoko i-wiring harness yi-neural network system yemoto, ejongene nokuhanjiswa kolwazi phakathi kweendawo ezahlukeneyo zombane zesithuthi.

Kukho iindidi ezimbini zeenkqubo zokwenza iintambo zokubopha iintambo zemoto

(1) Ukwahlulwa ngamazwe aseYurophu naseMelika, kuquka iChina, inkqubo ye-TS16949 isetyenziselwa ukulawula inkqubo yokuvelisa.

(2) Ngokuyintloko eJapan: Toyota, Honda, banenkqubo yabo yokulawula inkqubo yokuvelisa.

Abavelisi beentambo zeentambo zemoto banezinto zabo ezikhethekileyo kwaye bancamathele ukubaluleka kumava okuvelisa intambo kunye nolawulo lweendleko zentambo.Izityalo zehlabathi ezinkulu zokubopha ucingo zisekelwe ikakhulu kwiingcingo kunye neentambo, ezifana neYazaki, Sumitomo, Leni, Guhe, Fujikura, kelop, Jingxin, njl.

Intshayelelo emfutshane yezixhobo eziqhelekileyo zokudibanisa iintambo zeemoto

1. Ucingo (umcingo ophantsi kwamandla ombane, 60-600v)

Iintlobo zeengcingo:

Umgca osemgangathweni weSizwe: QVR, QFR, QVVR, qbv, qbv, njl

Ukumakishwa kwemihla ngemihla: AV, AVS, AVSS, AEX, AVX, cavus, EB, TW, she-g, njl.

Ukumakisha isiJamani: flry-a, flry-b, njl

Umgca waseMelika: Sxl, njl

Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo ziingcingo ezinommandla wecandelo le-0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0 square mm.

2. Isingxobo

I-sheath (iqokobhe lerabha) ngokuqhelekileyo yenziwe ngeplastiki.I-conductor ye-terminal ecinezelweyo ifakwe kuyo ukuqinisekisa ukuthembeka koqhagamshelwano.Izinto eziphathekayo ziquka i-PA6, i-PA66, i-ABS, i-PBT, i-PP, njl

3. Itheminali

Inxalenye ye-hardware emile, egxininiswe kwintambo yokudibanisa iingcingo ezahlukeneyo ukuhambisa iimpawu, kubandakanywa i-terminal yamadoda, i-terminal yabasetyhini, i-terminal ye-ring kunye nesetyhula, njl.

Izinto eziphambili zobhedu kunye nobhedu (ubunzima bobhedu bungaphantsi kancinci kunobhedu), kunye ne-akhawunti yobhedu kumlinganiselo omkhulu.

2. Izixhobo zeSheath: Ibholithi engangeni manzi, iplagi eyimfama, umsesane wokutywina, ipleyiti yokutshixa, iqhina, njl.

Ngokuqhelekileyo isetyenziselwa ukwenza isinxibelelanisi kunye netheminali ye-sheath

3. Ngomngxuma iinxalenye zerabha zokubopha ucingo

Inemisebenzi yokumelana nokunxiba, ukungangeni kwamanzi kunye nokutywinwa.Isasazwa ikakhulu kumdibaniso phakathi kwenjini kunye nekhabhu, ujongano phakathi kwekhabhathi yangaphambili kunye nekhabhathi (ekhohlo nasekunene iyonke), ujongano phakathi kweengcango ezine (okanye ucango lwangasemva) kunye nemoto, kunye netanki yamafutha. indawo yokungena.

4. Iqhina (ikliphu)

I-original, edla ngokwenziwa ngeplastiki, isetyenziselwa ukubamba intambo yocingo emotweni.Kukho amaqhina, amaqhina e-bellows lock.

5. Izinto zombhobho

Yahlulahlulwe kumbhobho otyatyiweyo, umbhobho wePVC ocuthekayo wobushushu, umbhobho weglasi yefiberglass.Umbhobho ophothiweyo, umbhobho wokujija, njl.njl. Ukukhusela intambo yokubopha.

① Imibhobho

Ngokubanzi, malunga ne-60% okanye nangaphezulu imibhobho isetyenziswa ekubopheni iinyanda.Eyona nto iphambili kukuxhathisa kokunxiba kakuhle, ukumelana nobushushu obuphezulu, ukubuyiswa komlilo kunye nokumelana nobushushu kulunge kakhulu kwindawo yobushushu obuphezulu.Ukumelana namaqondo obushushu yi-40-150 ℃.Izinto zayo zihlulwe ngokubanzi zibe yiPP kunye ne-pa2.I-PA ingcono kune-PP kwi-flame retardancy kunye nokumelana nokunxiba, kodwa i-PP ingcono kune-PA ekugobeni ukukhathala.

② Umsebenzi wombhobho wePVC oshwabeneyo wobushushu ufana nombhobho wamalahle.PVC umbhobho bhetyebhetye kunye ukugoba deformation ukuxhathisa kulungile, kwaye PVC umbhobho ivalwe ngokubanzi, ngoko umbhobho PVC ikakhulu isetyenziswa kwisebe lokubopha ukugoba, ukuze kwenziwe ucingo inguqu agudileyo.Ubushushu bokumelana nobushushu bombhobho wePVC awuphezulu, ngokubanzi ngezantsi kwe80 ℃.

6. Iteyiphu

Iteyiphu yokuvelisa: inxeba kumphezulu wentambo yokubopha.(yahlulwe kwi-PVC, i-sponge tape, i-cloth tape, i-paper tape, njl.).Iteyiphu yokuchonga umgangatho: isetyenziselwa ukuchonga iziphene kwiimveliso zemveliso.

I-tape idlala indima yokubopha, ukumelana nokunxiba, ukugquma, ukunqanda ilangatye, ukunciphisa ingxolo, ukuphawula kunye neminye imisebenzi kwi-bundle yocingo, ngokubanzi i-akhawunti malunga ne-30% yezinto zokubopha.Kukho iindidi ezintathu zeeteyiphu zokubopha ucingo: iteyiphu yePVC, iteyiphu yeflaneli yomoya kunye nesiseko selaphu.Iteyiphu ye-PVC inokumelana nokunxiba kakuhle kunye nokungakhathali kwedangatye, kwaye ukumelana nobushushu kumalunga nama-80 ℃, ngoko ukusebenza kwayo kokunciphisa ingxolo ayilunganga kwaye ixabiso layo liphantsi.Izinto eziphathekayo ze-flannel tape kunye ne-cloth base base tape yisilwanyana.I-tape yeflaneli ineyona nto ingcono yokubopha kunye nokunciphisa ingxolo yokusebenza, kunye nokumelana nobushushu malunga ne-105 ℃;Iteyiphu yelaphu ineyona ndlela ibalaseleyo yokuxhathisa, kwaye ubushushu obuphezulu bokumelana ne-150 ℃.Ukungalungi okuqhelekileyo kweteyiphu yeflaneli kunye nesiseko selaphu iteyiphu yokungakhathali komlilo kunye nexabiso eliphezulu.

Ulwazi lwentambo yokubopha iintambo zemoto

Iintambo zokubopha imoto

Iintambo zokubopha iintambo zemoto ngowona mzimba uphambili wothungelwano lwesekethe yemoto.Ngaphandle kweentambo zokubopha, akuyi kubakho sekethe yemoto.Okwangoku, nokuba yimoto yodidi okanye imoto yezoqoqosho, i-wiring harness ifana ngokusisiseko, equlunqwe ngeengcingo, izihlanganisi kunye ne-tape yokusonga.

I-Automobile wire ikwabizwa ngokuba yi-low-voltage wire, eyahlukileyo kucingo oluqhelekileyo lwendlu.Ucingo oluqhelekileyo lwendlu lucingo olungundoqo olulodwa, olunobulukhuni obuthile.Iingcingo zemoto ziziingcingo ezininzi zobhedu eziguquguqukayo, ezinye zazo zibhityile njengeenwele.Uninzi lweingcingo zobhedu ezithambileyo zisongelwe kwimibhobho yeplastiki egqunyiweyo (PVC), ethambileyo nengelula ukuyiqhawula.

engachazwanga

Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo zeengcingo kwi-automotive wiring harness ziquka iingcingo ezinommandla onqamlekileyo we-0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 6.0, njl. kwezixhobo ezahlukeneyo zokusetyenziswa kwamandla.Thatha i-harness yesithuthi njengomzekelo, umgca we-0.5 wenkcazo uyasebenza kwisibane sesixhobo, isibane sesalathisi, isibane somnyango, isibane sesilingi, njl.;I-0.75 i-specification line ifanelekile kwisibane seplate yelayisenisi, izibane ezincinci zangaphambili nangemuva, isibane se-brake, njl.;1.0 umgca wokucacisa ulungele isibane somqondiso wokujika, isibane senkungu, njl.;1.5 umgca wenkcazo ufanelekile kwi-headlamp, uphondo, njl.;umgca wamandla oyintloko njengocingo lwe-armature yejenereyitha, ucingo lokumisa, njl njl ludinga i-2.5-4mm2 ucingo.Oku kubhekisela kuphela kwimoto jikelele, isitshixo sixhomekeke kwixabiso eliphezulu langoku lomthwalo.Ngokomzekelo, ucingo olusezantsi lwebhetri kunye nomgca wamandla ofanelekileyo usetyenziswa ngokwahlukileyo kwiintambo zemoto.Iimitha zabo zocingo zinkulu kakhulu, ubuncinane ngaphezu kweemilimitha ezilishumi zesikwere.Ezi ngcingo ze "Big Mac" aziyi kufakwa kwi-harness engundoqo.

Ngaphambi kokucwangcisa i-wiring harness, umzobo we-wiring we-wiring kufuneka utsalwe kwangaphambili, ohluke kwi-circuit schematic diagram.Umzobo wesikimu sesekethe ngumfanekiso ochaza unxulumano phakathi kwamalungu ahlukeneyo ombane.Ayibonakali indlela amacandelo ombane adityaniswa ngayo kunye, kwaye ayichaphazeli ubungakanani kunye nokuma kwecandelo ngalinye lombane kunye nomgama phakathi kwabo.Umzobo wokudibanisa i-wiring kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo ubungakanani kunye nokumila kwecandelo ngalinye lombane kunye nomgama phakathi kwabo, kwaye ubonise indlela amacandelo ombane adityaniswa ngayo.

Ayichazwanga

Emva kokuba umchwephesha wefektri yokubopha i-wiring yenza ibhodi yokubopha i-wiring yocingo ngokomzobo we-wiring harness, umsebenzi uya kunqumla ucingo kunye nocingo ngokwemigaqo yebhodi yocingo.I-harness ephambili yesithuthi sonke sahlulahlulwe ngokubanzi kwi-injini (i-ignition, i-EFI, ukuveliswa kwamandla, ukuqala), isixhobo, ukukhanya, umoya womoya, izixhobo zombane ezincedisayo kunye nezinye iindawo, kubandakanywa i-harness kunye ne-branch harness.Isixhobo sokubopha isithuthi esingundoqo sineentambo ezininzi zesebe, njengepali yomthi kunye nesebe.Iphaneli yesixhobo yinxalenye engundoqo ye-harness ephambili yesithuthi sonke, esisuka emva nangaphandle.Ngenxa yobudlelwane obude okanye indibano efanelekileyo kunye nezinye izizathu, i-wiring harness yezinye izithuthi yahlulwe ibe yintsimbi yentloko (kubandakanywa isixhobo, injini, indibano yokukhanya yangaphambili, i-air conditioner, ibhetri), i-harness yangasemva (indibano yesibane somsila, isibane seplate yelayisensi, isibane somthi), intambo yophahla (umnyango, isibane sesilingi, uphondo lwesandi), njl. njlUmsebenzisi unokubona ukuba uphawu lunokudityaniswa ngokuchanekileyo kwiingcingo ezihambelanayo kunye nezixhobo zombane, eziluncedo ngakumbi xa kulungiswa okanye ukutshintsha i-harness.Ngexesha elifanayo, umbala wocingo uhlukaniswe kumgca wombala omnye kunye nomgca wombala ophindwe kabini.Injongo yombala ikwacacisiwe, ngokuqhelekileyo umgangatho obekwe ngumenzi wesithuthi.Imigangatho yoshishino yaseChina ichaza kuphela umbala oyintloko, umzekelo, umnyama omnye usetyenziselwa ukumisa ucingo, i-monochrome ebomvu isetyenziselwa umbane wombane, ongenakudideka.

Iintambo zocingo ziboshwe ngocingo olulukiweyo okanye iteyiphu yeplastiki.Ukulungiselela ukhuseleko, ukusetyenzwa kunye nokugcinwa lula, ukusonga ngocingo olulukiweyo kuphelisiwe.Ngoku isongelwe ngeteyiphu yeplastiki encamathelayo.Isidibanisi okanye ilugi isetyenziselwa ukudibanisa phakathi kwentambo yokubopha kunye nentambo kunye naphakathi kokubopha kunye namalungu ombane.Isidibanisi senziwe ngeplastiki kwaye sineplagi kunye nesokethi.I-wiring ye-wiring idibene ne-wire harness nge-connector, kwaye ukudibanisa phakathi kwe-harness kunye neengxenye zombane zixhunywe ngekhonkco okanye i-lug.

Ngokunyuka komsebenzi wemoto kunye nokusetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwetekhnoloji yolawulo lwe-elektroniki, ngakumbi nangakumbi izinto zombane, ngakumbi nangakumbi iingcingo, kunye nentambo yocingo iya kuba ngqindilili kwaye ibe nzima.Ngoko ke, i-automobile ephezulu iye yazisa ukucwangciswa kwebhasi ye-CAN, isebenzisa inkqubo yokudlulisa i-multiplex.Xa kuthelekiswa neentambo zendabuko, inani leengcingo kunye nezixhumi liyancipha kakhulu, okwenza ukuba i-wiring ibe lula.